Breast Cancer Awareness
Common Warning Signs and Symptoms:
- New lump in breast or underarm (armpit)
- Thickening or swelling of part of the breast Irritation or dimpling of breast skin
- Redness or flay skin in the nipple area or breast
- Pulling in of the nipple
- Discharge from the nipple (such as blood)
- Any change in the shape or size of breast
- Pain in the breast
Common Risk Factors:
- Gender- females are at higher risk for breast cancer but can be found in men
- Age- as you age, the risk of breast cancer increases. Most are diagnosed 50+
- Genetics- BRCA-1 and BRCA2
- Family History
- Ethnicity- white women slightly more likely to develop breast cancer
- Early onset of menstruation (before age 12)
Lowering Your Risk Factors:
How Can I Reduce My Risk of Breast Cancer?
- Know what is normal for you by performing monthly Self-Breast Exams
- Genetic Screening for specific genes associated with breast cancer
- American Cancer Society recommends women have a Mammogram by age 45 (talk with your doctor about your specific risk factors that might require screening earlier)
- Maintain a healthy weight and activity level
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Breastfeed, if possible
Detection and regular screenings are key in catching breast cancer in the early stages and helps determine which route of treatment would be best for your situation. Always talk with your healthcare provider
Self Breast Exams:
Being familiar with your breasts is important. Not just how they look, but also how they feel, taking notice of any new lumps, sore or tender areas, and pain.
What Are the Symptoms?
Is an x-ray image of the breast. Typically starting at age 40, the decision to begin getting regular exams occurs. Age 50 to 75 years old, recommended to get them every 2 years. Above age 75, evidence does not benefit in regular exams.
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer among women in the United States (some kinds of skin cancer are the most common). Black women die from breast cancer at a higher rate than White women.